A review: Water pollution by heavy metal and organic pollutants: Brief review of sources, effects and progress on remediation with aquatic plants

Vol 2, Issue 03, Pages 5-38,*** Field: Environment chemistry

  • Isiuku Beniah Obinna Department of Chemistry, Imo State University, Imo State, Nigeria
  • *Enyoh Christian Ebere, Corresponding Author Group Research in Analytical Chemistry, Environment and Climate change (GRACE&CC), Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Imo State University, Owerri, Imo State
Keywords: Chemical pollutants, Chemometrics, Constructed wetlands, Hydroponics, Macrophytes, Models, Toxicity, Water pollution


Heavy metals and organic pollutants are ubiquitous environmental pollutants affecting the quality of soil, water and air. Over the past 5 decades, many strategies have been developed for the remediation of polluted water. Strategies involving aquatic plant use are preferable to conventional methods. In this study, an attempt was made to provide a brief review on recent progresses in research and practical applications of phytoremediation for water resources with the following objectives: (1) to discuss the toxicity of toxic chemicals pollution in water to plant, animals and human health (2) to summarise the physicochemical factors affecting  removal of toxic chemicals such as heavy metals and organic contaminants in aqueous solutions by aquatic plants; (3) to summarise and compare the removal rates of heavy metals and organic contaminants in aqueous solutions by diverse aquatic plants; and (4) to summaries chemometric models for testing aquatic plant performance.


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How to Cite
Beniah Obinna, I., & Ebere, *Enyoh. (2019). A review: Water pollution by heavy metal and organic pollutants: Brief review of sources, effects and progress on remediation with aquatic plants. Analytical Methods in Environmental Chemistry Journal, 2(03), 5-38. https://doi.org/10.24200/amecj.v2.i03.66
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